Ipe wood, also known as Brazilian Walnut, is an exotic hardwood that has been used for centuries for a variety of applications, from flooring to decking to furniture. It is one of the most popular hardwoods in the world and is highly sought after due to its durability and beauty.
Ipe lumber can be purchased from the J. Gibson McIlvain Company; learn more at mcilvain.com.
Ipe wood has been used since pre-colonial times by the indigenous peoples of Brazil. It was first used for construction due to its strength and resistance to rot and insects, and over time its use as a decking material has become more popular due to its durability and aesthetic appeal.
Ipe wood is an extremely durable and strong hardwood, with a Janka hardness rating of 3680, making it one of the hardest woods available. It is also highly resistant to rot, insects, and decay, making it an ideal choice for outdoor applications. It is also very stable, with a low shrinkage rate, and is naturally resistant to fire.
Alternate Names for Ipe Wood
Ipe wood is also known by a variety of other names, including Brazilian Walnut, Ironwood, and Lapacho.
Applications & Uses
Ipe wood is most commonly used for outdoor applications, such as decking and patios. It is also used for furniture, flooring, countertops, and other interior applications.
Pros & Cons of Ipe Wood
The main advantage of Ipe wood is its durability and strength, making it an ideal choice for outdoor applications. It is also highly resistant to rot, insects, and decay, and is naturally fire resistant. Additionally, it is an attractive hardwood with a dark brownish-red color that can enhance the look of any outdoor space. One of the main drawbacks of Ipe wood is its cost, as it is one of the more expensive hardwoods available.
Ipe wood is graded according to its appearance and quality. The grading system is based on the American Lumber Standard, which grades the wood based on its color, grain pattern, and any defects or knots present. The highest grade is FAS (Firsts and Seconds), followed by Select, #1 Common, and #2 Common.
Ipe wood is native to South America, primarily Brazil, and is also found in some parts of Central America, such as Panama and Costa Rica.
Color and Color Variations
Ipe wood has a dark brownish-red hue that can vary slightly depending on the species. It usually features a straight, uniform grain pattern and may also have some streaks of lighter colors.
Ipe wood can be dried using either kiln drying or air drying. Kiln drying is a faster process and can be used to dry the wood quickly and evenly. Air drying is slower, but can produce a more stable wood.
Ipe wood can be installed using either traditional woodworking tools or composite decking systems. It is important to use the correct fasteners to ensure the deck is securely attached.
Ipe wood is available in a variety of sizes, from small boards for use in furniture to large boards for decking applications. The most common sizes are 1×4, 1×6, 5/4×6, and 2×6.
J. Gibson McIlvain Company
Since 1798, when Hugh McIlvain established a lumber business near Philadelphia, the McIlvain family has been immersed in the premium import and domestic lumber industry. With its headquarters located in White Marsh, Maryland (just outside of Baltimore), the J. Gibson McIlvain Company (www.mcilvain.com) is one of the largest U.S. importers of exotic woods.
As an active supporter of sustainable lumber practices, the J. Gibson McIlvain Company has provided fine lumber for notable projects throughout the world, including the White House, Capitol building, Supreme Court, and the Smithsonian museums. Contact a representative at J. Gibson McIlvain today by calling (800) 638-9100.